According to a report by Google, there's an increasing demand for professional Afrikan software developers. Titled "Africa Developer Ecosystem Report 2021," the report provides some insight into the increasing demand for Afrikan software developers despite the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic.

The study was conducted across 16 Afrikan countries through fielded and analyzed surveys of software developers as well as interviews with local experts.

“While Africa’s tech innovation sector is making great strides, global tech companies, educators and governments can do more to ensure that the industry becomes a strategic economic pillar. At Google, we are intent on further igniting training and support for this community by bridging the existing developer skills gap and concentrating our efforts in upskilling female developers who face pointed challenges,” said Nitin Gajria, Managing Director, Google in Afrika.

Remote work a contributing factor

According to the report commissioned by Google, demand for Afrikan developers reached a record high in 2021 against the backdrop of a global economic crisis and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. With increased (+22%) use of the internet among small and medium businesses (SMBs) on the continent, the need for web development services also increased alongside higher demand for remote development work (38% of African developers work for at least one company based outside of the continent).

All this is evidenced by the magnitude of growth in Nigeria’s professional developer population which is reported to have added an estimated 5,000 new professional developers to its pool in 2021.

The number of professional software developers per country.
📊 The number of professional software developers per country.

Other key observations from the report include:

  • Africa’s developer population is growing across the continent

Despite a contracting economy, the pool of professional developers increased by 3.8% to make up 0.4% of the continent’s non-agricultural workforce. Salaries and compensation also rose, and more developers secured full-time jobs.

  • VC investment in African startups rebounded as the digital economy expanded

African startups raised over $4 billion in 2021, 2.5 times more than in 2020, with fintech startups making up over half of this funding. The shift to remote work also created more employment opportunities across time zones and continents for African developers while lifting the pay for senior talent. As a result, international companies are now recruiting African developers at record rates.

  • Learners, junior developers, as well as underrepresented groups including women, need more support

Without access to in-person education — or affordable, reliable internet access and at-home equipment — they struggled to make gains last year. This can be seen in how the gender gap between men developers and women developers widened: there are 2.5% fewer women developers in the workforce than there were in 2020.

  • Educators, technology companies and governments are undertaking initiatives to strengthen the developer pipeline

Educators, tech companies and governments can help developers succeed by improving internet access, education and business support. Bootcamps and certifications, run as part of formal and informal education, are working to bridge the vocational training gap between traditional education and employment moving forward. Global technology companies are investing in digital skills-building across the continent to improve job readiness and alleviate the tech talent bottleneck. Governments can also play a vital role in strengthening the developer pipeline by investing in both internet access and education.

  • Nigeria is a striking example of the symbiotic relationship between digital transformation and developer growth in Africa

The developer ecosystem in Nigeria is thriving thanks to strong demand for developer talent, significant support from big tech, and startups raising the largest total amount of funding on the continent in 2021. As countries like Nigeria continue to transform, they will unlock more opportunities for developers who, in turn, grow the economy.

The report is available for download here.

— By Tefo Mohapi

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